Dr. Sonali bhat

Melasma Removal Treatment in Mohali

Melasma treatment

What is melasma?

Melasma is a chronic skin disorder that results in symmetrical, blotchy, brownish facial pigmentation. Melasma can also affect the arms and back. It can lead to considerable embarrassment and distress. Melasma treatment is very effective.

This form of facial pigmentation is sometimes called chloasma, but as this means green skin, the term melasma (brown skin) is preferred

What Causes Melasma?


There are two main layers that make up our skin – the epidermis and the dermis. The dermis is the lower layer of our skin. The epidermis is the upper layer. Right at the bottom of the epidermis, cells called melanocytes are found. These melanocytes produce melanin, the pigment which gives each person their genetically predetermined skin colour. When these melanocytes are overstimulated, they produce excess melanin. This excess pigment gets trapped in the top layer of skin (the epidermis) and can also move down to the dermis. Over time, the pigmented skin cells slowly move to the surface of the skin, resulting in darkened patches of skin.


Scientists and doctors haven’t been able to find out the exact cause of melasma (or chloasma) yet, but they do know that several things contribute to the development of melasma by over-stimulating the melanocytes within our skin, which then produce too much melanin.

  • pregnancy (melasma is called chloasma when it affects pregnant women)
  • the contraceptive pill and other hormone-affecting medications
  • some make-up products and facial skin-care products, especially those containing artificial fragrances and colours
  • genetic predisposition to hyperpigmentation
  • exposure to visible light, UV-A rays and UV-B rays
  • inflammation of the skin.

Very occasionally, medical conditions that affect hormone levels can contribute to the development of melasma. Some scientific research suggests that melasma can be brought on by stress.

Types of Melasma

  • Epidermal melasma. Epidermal melasma is melasma affecting only the outer layer of the skin (the epidermis) and appears as dark brown, well-defined patches of pigmentation. This type of melasma is usually the easiest to treat as it is close to the surface of the skin.
  • Dermal melasma. Dermal melasma affects the deep layers of the skin, making it the most difficult type of melasma to treat. It appears as bluish/greyish or light-brown patches with poorly-defined boarders.
  • Mixed melasma. This is a combination of epidermal and dermal melasma.
  • Chloasma is the same condition as melasma, but the term chloasma is used when melasma appears as a result of pregnancy.

The best way to find out which type of melasma you have and get the right advice on which treatment is best for you is to make an appointment to see Dr. Sonali Bhat As she has an in-depth understanding of this complex skin condition and knows how to gently but effectively treat melasma.


We Provide the Best Skin Care Services in Mohali. Contact Us to get more information regarding the services and book an appointment to have your proper skincare and Haircare 

Get In touch with us 

Address– SCO-3, First Floor, Sector-68, Mohali, Punjab 

Phone  – +91 98555-42596 

E-mail – drsonaliskinnovate@gmail.com